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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  December 18, 2016 11:49pm-12:01am EST

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announcer: interested in american history tv, visit our website to see our upcoming schedule or watch a recent program. lectures of history and more at c-span.org/history. >> this week, monday, states count their electors votes for president of the united states. 11:00 a.m. eastern and we will reenter air our coverage at 8:00 eastern. , theay night 8:00 cofounder of ben & jerry's ice cream talks about responsible business practices. >> it forced us to look for other markets. >> wednesday night, dick cheney and leon panetta on the future of the defense department under
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president elect donald trump. >> i think the challenges are very great and i think over the course of the last many years we have done serious damage to our capabilities to be able to meet those threats. >> there are a lot of flashpoints. the new administration will have to look at that kind of world and obviously defined policy that we need in order to do with that. then develop defense policy to confront that kind of war. thehursday, a look at career of vice president-elect mike pence. we have stood without a policy for the sanctity of life, the importance of marriage, and the freedom of religion. >> on friday night beginning at 8:00, farewell speeches attributed to several outgoing senators.
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this week on prime time from c-span. >> american history tv is in scottsdale, arizona. the city of scottsdale is surrounded by the sonoran desert, approximately 100,000 square miles. >> a lot of people think of winfield scott as a fiery preacher, but what people don't know is he was a fierce warrior in the union army as a young man. he was born in michigan, but grew up in western new york.
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he had just graduated from seminary school and had been assigned to a church when the civil war broke out and linking called for volunteers. he wanted to get into it so he went back to his hometown of new york and started recruiting and raising his own company of soldiers. i think he recruited about 33 of his own cousins out of his bible study class and recruited the town band and they would go on to stay with him in the army and to be one of the most celebrated army bands in the union army during the war. he took part in the battle of gettysburg and spotsylvania and the wilderness. three of the bloodiest battles of the civil war and he was in all of those and cited for bravery in every one of them. he was shot five times total. he was badly wounded and was
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lying there. he had a bible in his coat pocket and that spit the bullet. then he took a bad hit in the leg and they left him in the field for dead. he picked up his rifle and aimed it at them and he said get me to a hospital. you can get more with a kind word and a gun than just a kind word. they took the fighting preacher, they cost in the fighting -- they called him the fighting parson. his wife wanted to come to the battlefield and take him home. she got a private meeting with president lincoln and he wrote her a pass to go out to where the fighting was. she picked up her husband and
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took him home. he had been shot pretty bad. he would have a lifetime of pain and such. he went out and started establishing churches around some of the western states. then, a few years later, he decided he missed the army. he could not be a fighting man anymore so during the indian wars, the apache wars here in arizona, he enlisted as a chaplain. he got to arizona because he was stationed there. he came up in 1888 with the army and he immediately thought, this is a place i want to be. it reminded him of the river nile country and i think at heart he was a farmer. he saw the opportunities here. he rode horseback -- or actually
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on this mule. he wrote that the mule all over the valley looking for just the right place. he wanted to start a community that was more religious than phoenix, which had a reputation at that time. the army kept him busy. he bought a whole section of land right in this area just north of here for $2.50 an acre. he would later sell part of it as $25 an acre -- he would probably -- he would later sell part of it for $25 an acre. he's considered the first real estate guide to turn a profit in this area. he became well-known. he went to california in the santa barbara area and tell them about the wondrous wonders. they believed him because he had a national reputation for integrity. he started moving in here from california and -- they started moving from california to the midwest and he was right. the weather was good.
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it was a good place to live. they did not have stoplights here until 1959 and they only had 400 people here in 1940. it was a slow growing place. mostly farmers. it used to be the center of town where we are. this was the first school house in scottsdale, built in the early 1900s. all this area here where i am standing now, before the civic plaza over here and all this, this was a bodeo. the town was still really small and 1942.
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it is been -- it would grow to 2000 by 1950. it would grow especially after world war ii. they were trying to decide what can we do and not of white, he was the first mayor of the town -- and malcom white said, let's be western. he coined the phrase the world's most western town. it was in the because there was no place else in the valley like scottsdale with all that frontier look on it. at that time, they didn't have stoplights or anything. just a few stop signs here. this is a statue of the founder winfield scott. his wife and his army mule. because he was such a remarkable
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person, he should not be forgotten. i like telling the story of winfield scott and all he was in this town. but i will tell you, i wouldn't want him after me with a rifle. he was one bad boy out there on the battlefield. announcer: this weekend we are featuring the history of scottsdale, arizona. learn more about scottsdale and other stops on our cities tour at c-span.org/cities for -- cities tour. you're watching american history tv. >> c-span studentcam documented contest is in full swing and were asked in students to tell us what is the most important issue for the new president and new congress to address in 2017.
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ashley, tell us about your studentcam documentary. >> my partner and i produced a documentary on the issues of homeless veterans on the streets of orange county, california. who have givene their all for our country and the fact that there now living on the street without anyone to care for them, that is not ok. so we decided we would talk about the issue with made ammunity and documentary about it. i encourage all juniors and seniors and middle schoolers to use this platform to raise your to say that your generation deserves to be heard and if therement is a better place to speak these issues, this is it.
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really look into your community and see what is affecting those around you. theyare the ones you love, are the ones you are surrounded with every day. the issues you see happen every day on the street, that is where you can start. be a part of this documentary because you want to be a voice for your community. >> thank you, ashley, for all of your advice and tips for studentcam. go to our website, studentcam.org. >> next, three world war ii veterans talk about their experience as u.s. navy fighter pilots. this is hosted by the american veteran center.

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